Philology is the science of language. Literally understanding this term, you can reveal its essence as follows: "I love the word." A specialist in the field of literature is called a philologist. If we take into account that the word is a universal means of communication, it becomes clear that a person who has a delicate command of the word is a universal specialist, and the field of application of his knowledge is quite extensive.
Philologist ─ what is this profession?
You can become a specialist in philology by receiving an education at a higher educational institution of a humanitarian orientation. The training takes place at the Faculty of Philology. Specialization is carried out in the following areas of humanitarian knowledge:
- Scientific activity.
- Publishing activity.
According to the specialization, the functional of the graduate can be in demand in these areas.
Very often humanitarian competence for career growth and entrepreneurial activity is insufficient. And philologists receive additional higher education in the field of exact knowledge - in technical, natural science and social sciences.
Philologist, what is this profession? The most common answer would be a teacher of Russian language and literature. And this is true.
Russian language and literature is one of the main disciplines and is subject to compulsory certification at the end of the cycle of incomplete and secondary education. The results of the Unified State Examination (USE) are read out upon admission to higher educational institutions.
A teacher of the Russian language and literature can always find a job in secondary educational institutions, in the system of higher and additional education - everywhere you need the profession of a philologist. Teacher salary depends on the rate and level of the educational institution, length of service, hourly workload. Corresponds to the average income indicators for a Russian resident, in the range from twenty to forty thousand rubles, depending on the region. Teachers in Moscow have the highest income level.
Philologist - translator
The profession of a translator is in great demand on the labor market in Russia.
A specialist who possesses not only knowledge in the field of a foreign language, but also methods of simultaneous, technical, literary translation must necessarily have a profession - a philologist. There are pros and cons in this area, like all other professions. The positive aspects include the demand for this specialty and the level of wages, which is significantly higher than the average in Russia.
The disadvantage of the profession is a high level of psychoemotional stress and responsibility during simultaneous interpreting, which is not always compensated by the amount of payment. The translator should have a good command of different style methods of conveying information in oral and written form. When preparing for simultaneous translation at business, scientific meetings, when narrowly subject knowledge of terminology is required, specialist translators study in depth the required subject area.
Philologist in scientific activity
To study the subject of science in the history of its formation and for the depth of knowledge of the phenomena in the ontology of language, a profession is needed - a philologist.
Description of the phenomenology of literature is only one of the facets of scientific research. To a reasonable question, what is the practical significance of research in this area, one can answer that a word is a way of being, embodied in a word form. Philological studies of the patterns of the formation of words make discoveries in the ways of historical and modern thinking, which, in turn, helps to understand a person deeper.
Publishing activities cover many areas, everything related to the organization, production and distribution of printed materials in any form. It is in this area that a philologist is in full demand. What kind of profession this is - it becomes clear at each stage of publishing.
- Authorship of materials. Journalist, copywriter, blogger - producer of copyright texts. This is the direct vocation of a person with a philological education.
- Editing and preparation of materials for printing.
- Promotion of materials and release.
This is how the profession of a philologist can manifest itself in many ways. Features and the degree of its relevance lies in the very subject of specialization - in the word. There are other ways of communication and social interactions. But, you must admit that it is language that is a universal way of communication. And if you master this method perfectly, the demand for the service will manifest itself in any area of the life of society.
Famous representatives of the profession
In order to understand: a philologist - what kind of profession it is, it is enough to recall the world-famous names of figures with a philological education. And everything becomes clear.
Mikhail Bakhtin is a great Russian thinker, philologist and researcher. He gave rise to many schools and scientific directions. It was he who asked the scientific community about the criterion of the truth of humanitarian knowledge. His fundamental work "The Creativity of François Rabelais and the Medieval Culture of the Renaissance" is a classic of philology and reveals the origins of the origin of literature in folk culture. Dmitry Sergeevich Likhachev is the personification of a consistent civic position in defending his views. In his professional philological environment, he was able to show the power of the word in the struggle for freedom. For him, it was the word that became the strongest weapon in the fight against hypocrisy and official lies.
This series can be continued endlessly. Due to the power of the word and its meaning in the information environment, journalism is often called the fourth estate of society.