Pregnancy is, of course, a happy period in the life of every woman. But he makes her body work with an increased load, which is why the waiting time for the child can sometimes be accompanied by some discomfort. An increased tendency to ARVI is one of the unpleasant "side effects" of pregnancy. The situation is complicated by the fact that all potent drugs that quickly relieve symptoms cannot be taken, and only safe, but not so fast-acting agents can be treated.
Why are pregnant women prone to frequent SARS?
A woman's body is noticeably weakened during pregnancy. This is a normal protective reaction, which is necessary so that the fetus is not perceived as a foreign agent and there is no rejection. But due to the suppressed state of the immune system, the expectant mother becomes more prone to respiratory diseases, especially in the cold season. Therefore, ARVI during pregnancy (the 3rd trimester is also no exception) occurs quite often.
All people are in daily contact with viruses and bacteria, but this does not always end with infection and illness. The fact is that nature, in addition to general human immunity, has provided for local protection. For example, the air that enters through the nose is humidified and filtered from dust, as well as foreign viruses and bacteria. As a result, they settle on the mucous membrane and then are excreted outside with secretions. But during pregnancy, increased dryness of the nose is often found, which is why the local immunity does not work as actively.
SARS during pregnancy (3rd trimester) in its manifestations is no different from the symptoms of this ailment in other periods of a woman's life. It is characterized by the following features:
- a sharp onset of the disease;
- weakness and feeling of muscle fatigue;
- sore throat and sore throat;
- very thin, clear nasal discharge;
- tearing of the eyes, their painful reaction to bright light;
With ARVI, severe fever is rarely found, usually the readings on the thermometer do not exceed 37,5 ° C, although due to pregnancy, a more severe course of the disease is sometimes possible. During the period of expectation of a child, many pathological processes do not proceed as easily as in the "ordinary" life of a woman. But with the right approach, they respond well to treatment and pass quickly. One of these conditions is ARVI during pregnancy (3rd trimester). Treatment for this ailment includes a number of measures that relieve symptoms and accelerate recovery.
What is the peculiarity of treatment in the 3rd trimester?
Faced with an ailment, many expectant mothers are wondering how to treat ARVI during pregnancy. The third trimester in this regard is the safest, since all the main systems and organs of the fetus have already been formed, therefore, the list of drugs approved for use is expanding. But still, you should not resort to the help of powerful medications unless absolutely necessary, because the child is still developing inside, and it is better to protect him from any (even theoretical) harm. Preference should be given to traditional methods of treatment and homeopathy.
It is very important to observe bed rest, even if the expectant mother does not have a temperature, or it is not high. During this period, it is better to completely exclude walks on the street and homework until the condition normalizes. You need to often gargle, rinse your nose and measure your body temperature. If it reaches over 37,8 ° C, it must be knocked down.
Rinsing the nose with a runny nose
Since it is impossible to use vasoconstrictor drugs for the treatment of ARVI during pregnancy (3rd trimester), you need to rinse and clean your nose very often. This will relieve the nasal cavity from swelling, mucus and normalize the woman's breathing. Ready-made saline solutions sold in pharmacies or homemade remedies are great for this purpose. The concentration of sodium chloride in the drug should be physiological (that is, familiar to the human body) and be approximately 0,09%.
During the procedure, the solution should not be drawn in very strongly so that inflammation of the middle ear does not develop. When blowing your nose, one nostril should be covered, otherwise the pressure in the nasal cavity may increase. After the procedure is over, the nasal mucosa can be lubricated with a small amount of homemade balm made from olive and mint oil. This will help maintain the effect and improve breathing. The ratio of olive oil to peppermint oil is 20: 1.
How to get rid of a sore throat?
Sore throat is one of the symptoms of ARVI during pregnancy (3rd trimester). It is better to start the treatment of this unpleasant phenomenon with rinsing. The advantages of this method:
- during the procedure, the medicinal solution comes into contact with the entire surface of the oral cavity and the back of the pharynx;
- when rinsing, pathogenic microbes are mechanically removed;
- the drug acts only in this area and practically does not enter the systemic circulation.
For rinsing, you can use the alcohol version of chlorophyllipt or a decoction of calendula. Pregnant women should not use solutions of sage and chamomile, since these funds can increase the tone of the uterus if accidentally swallowed. A good emollient effect is brought by propolis tincture diluted in boiled water, but it cannot be used in cases of an expectant mother's allergy to honey and bee products.
When do you need to bring down an elevated body temperature?
The only safe antipyretic medicine that can be used during pregnancy is paracetamol. The dosage and regimen of administration should be prescribed by the attending physician. This is an important condition even for the treatment of seemingly frivolous ARVI during pregnancy (3rd trimester). The recommendations of a specialist will effectively reduce the temperature without the risk of harming the child.
It should be reduced after the mark reaches 37,8-38 ° C. Until this moment, it is better not to take antipyretic drugs so that the body can fight the infection. With high numbers in the 3rd trimester, there is a great risk of developing disorders of the nervous system in the fetus. In addition, this can lead to too early labor, so you should not tolerate a strong body heat.
Inhalation at home
To facilitate nasal breathing at home, you can carry out steam inhalation with essential oils. The only contraindication is allergy or individual intolerance. Before the procedure, you need to rinse the nose well with saline so that the healing substances with steam penetrate deeply through the mucous membranes.
You can use essential oils of these plants:
- menthol (improves breathing and relieves congestion);
- lemon (increases vitality);
- cloves (has antiseptic properties).
In a wide container with hot, but not boiling water, you need to add a few drops of essential oil and bend your face over it at a distance of 15-20 cm from the surface of the water. You should not cover yourself with a towel, so as not to create the effect of a steam sauna (this is useless during pregnancy). It is necessary to breathe over hot aromatic water for 3-5 minutes, after which it is better to lie down to rest or sleep.
SARS during pregnancy (3rd trimester): a description of the differences from a bacterial infection
ARVI, as a rule, proceeds in a milder form than a bacterial infection. Due to the virus, the body temperature rarely rises above 38 ° C, the throat hurts moderately (more likely, itching), and the discharge from the nose is transparent or white. When the bacterial pathogenic flora multiplies in the human body, there is often a strong fever, acute discomfort when swallowing and a significant deterioration in general condition. Discharge from the nasal passages turns greenish, which indicates the presence of pus.
If the doctor has doubts about the nature of the disease, he can prescribe a detailed clinical blood test for the pregnant woman. The study will show whether there are changes in the leukocyte formula, and how much the erythrocyte sedimentation rate has increased. If their values are very different from normal, an antibiotic and additional drugs may be needed for treatment.
Are antibiotics always needed?
For uncomplicated viral infections, it makes no sense to use antibiotics. They do not speed up the healing process in any way, since they only kill bacteria. Moreover, against the background of their intake, a person may develop intestinal dysbiosis or allergies. This must be taken into account when choosing therapy for ARVI during pregnancy (3rd trimester). Antibiotic treatment in this case can be justified if a severe bacterial infection has joined.
In the last stages of gestation, these drugs are permissible, since they cannot cause congenital abnormalities in the child. Safe antibiotics can help a mother recover if it is not a banal ARVI during pregnancy (3rd trimester). Contraindications to the use of each of them are always indicated in the instructions. Before using the medication (even after consulting a doctor), it is better to make sure that the remedy can be taken by expectant mothers.
SARS during pregnancy (3rd trimester): consequences and complications
A timely diagnosed and treated respiratory infection usually does not cause significant harm to either the expectant mother or the child. The situation is much more difficult with neglected cases in which a woman is tormented by a severe cough and high body temperature. Due to the heat, premature labor can begin, so it is important to bring it down on time. In addition to medicines, an abundant warm drink is suitable for relieving symptoms of intoxication, but only if the pregnant woman does not have edema.
A cough can cause severe discomfort for both the mother and the fetus, which in the 3rd trimester already becomes cramped in the uterus. Sharp movements of the chest during this lead to increased pressure and hypoxia, which is highly undesirable. In general, it is difficult for a woman to endure a prolonged ARVI during pregnancy (3rd trimester). Treatment for this condition should be adequate and contribute to the rapid recovery of the expectant mother, who will have to gain strength before the upcoming birth.
A woman expecting a child needs to take good care of her body and in every possible way avoid dangerous factors that can lead to various diseases. Prevention of ARVI during pregnancy (3rd trimester) is reduced to a healthy lifestyle, good nutrition and rejection of bad habits, which, in principle, are contraindicated during this period.
During the season of epidemics, you need to limit the time spent in places where a large number of people gather. When visiting a gynecologist at a polyclinic, it is advisable to use a disposable protective mask so as not to catch an infection while sitting in line or walking along the corridors.
A pregnant woman needs to sleep a sufficient number of hours so that the body does not overwork. In autumn and winter, dress warmly and walk outside for a short time in very low temperatures. Fresh air is useful and important for the expectant mother, but staying away from home should be comfortable, because hypothermia of the body in this position is extremely undesirable.