In our article we will tell you about the cod family. All its members have tasty and healthy meat, recommended for dietary nutrition. The Atlantic cod has the best characteristics. But other representatives of this family, for example, haddock, hake, blue whiting, pollock, pollock, are popular and favorite types of fish on our table.
Lots of meat, few bones
The habitat of fish of this family is the seas of the Northern Hemisphere. They are especially common in the Atlantic Ocean. The family of cod fish includes individuals with large heads, small bones, small scales and large liver. Many of them are mined commercially.
The chemical composition of these fish includes many useful elements: vitamins, fatty acids, phosphorus, iodine, calcium. Their meatiness and low fat content allow them to be used in dietary nutrition. There are many ways to cook fish. Cod fish are good in fried, stewed, smoked and dried form. There are many recipes that are used by ordinary housewives and restaurant chefs.
Atlantic cod is a well-known member of this family. These fish can grow up to 1,8 meters in length, but are usually caught before they reach this size. It is distinguished from other fish by a fleshy tendril on the chin, olive-brown scales and a white belly. Cod is found in the Atlantic Ocean but is also found in the White and Baltic Seas. Not only dense and white meat is considered useful, but also cod liver, from which oil is prepared for medical purposes.
If you take such a substance regularly, you can improve your well-being, mood, get rid of joint diseases, and increase intellectual abilities. But it is better to use fish caught in ecologically clean places, since cod can accumulate mercury and arsenic, which means that excessive consumption of it in food can be dangerous.
The family of cod fish also includes haddock. Its meat is tasty and more tender than that of cod. The body of this fish, dark gray with purple patches, is flattened from the sides. The belly is white or milky-silvery. There is a dark spot between the pectoral and dorsal fins on both sides. Haddock is caught in the Atlantic and Arctic oceans. This fish prefers sea water, therefore, it is almost never found in the Baltic Sea due to its desalination. Haddock most often lives near the bottom at a shallow depth. There she looks for her usual food - bottom mollusks, worms, echinoderms, fry and eggs of other fish.
It is worth noting that the haddock diet includes blue whiting, which also belongs to the cod family. This fish feeds on crustaceans and fry. It lives at a depth of 180-300 meters. Blue whiting is often found on the shelves of our stores. Someone eats it themselves, but most often this fish is bought for cats who simply adore it. In addition, the cost of blue whiting is low compared to other members of the cod family.
Useful and inexpensive
Another fish loved by our fellow citizens is the Far Eastern pollock. It is inexpensive and always available in stores. But you shouldn't treat her with disdain. Like all members of the cod family, it is nutritious and healthy. Of course, her meat is a little dry, but a good housewife will find a way to relieve her of this shortcoming. Eating pollock helps to regulate metabolism, the amount of sugar in the blood. The meat of this fish has antioxidant properties, is rich in iodine and chromium. Eating 100 grams of pollock per day, you get a daily intake of iodine. It is mined in the Pacific Ocean, where it is found in huge numbers.
Not only at sea
Burbot also belongs to the cod. It predominantly lives in fresh water. Although there are also sea burbots. These fish have a long body, slightly flattened laterally, a flat head, antennae on the chin and upper jaw. Sea burbot lives in the Bay of Biscay, the Barents Sea, near Iceland, the British Isles, and even off the coast of North America.
These fish are of two types - white and red. The meat of red burbot has the best taste. Its liver contains a large amount of iodine, although the meat itself is dry. However, this does not make it any less valuable. River burbot meat, on the contrary, is tasty and soft. Its liver is also considered a delicacy. The trace elements contained in this fish have a positive effect on vision, intelligence and the nervous system. The habitat of burbot is wide enough, it is also widespread in our country. It is best to catch burbot in cold water in inclement weather, then it is most active.
The cod family includes whiting. It lives in the North Atlantic Ocean, in the Barents Sea, off the coast of Iceland and Portugal. Sometimes found in the Black Sea. This fish has a pleasant taste and is not inferior to cod or haddock. Off the coast of Murmansk, Norway, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, they catch meenok, although this fish is not widespread and is not caught on an industrial scale. The Arctic Ocean is inhabited by the Arctic cod. This small fish prefers to live in cold water. The Arctic cod feeds on crustaceans, zooplankton, fry of other fish. She, like other representatives of codfish, has a small tendril under the chin. Pollock has the same distinctive feature. This fish can grow up to 1 meter in length. Other small brethren, crustaceans, serve as food for it.
In our article, you learned about the cod family. Surely many of the names are familiar to you. After all, this fish is a frequent guest on our tables. It turns out that you can save a lot if you buy pollock, haddock, blue whiting more often than cod. They are just as useful as other members of this family, but are cheaper.