On what date does Christmas begin in Europe?
In Europe, it is customary to celebrate, in most cases, Catalan Christmas, which, according to the Gregorian calendar, falls on the twenty-fifth of December. That is when the Orthodox celebrate Christmas according to the Julian calendar and it falls on the seventh of January.
There are two main dates for celebrating Christmas, December 25 and January 7. In Europe, they mainly celebrate December 25, these are many Western countries of Europe, but more eastern countries celebrate January 7, well, we ourselves celebrate this holiday on January 7 with you.
Day of celebration of Christmas - does not depend on geography. And on what calendar Christian denominations live in a given country.
On December 25, Christmas is celebrated by those who use the new style (Gregorian calendar): Roman Catholic Church, Lutheran, Protestant Western churches, as well as 11 Orthodox Churches: Constantinople (except Athos), Alexandria, Antioch, Romanian, Bulgarian, Cypriot, Greek, Polish, Albanian, Czech, American.
On January 7, Christmas is celebrated by supporters of the old style (Julian calendar): 4 Orthodox Churches - Russian, Georgian, Serbian, Jerusalem and the monks of Greek Athos. And also - the ancient Eastern and some Eastern Catholic and Greek Catholic Churches, for example, the Greek Catholics (Uniates) of Ukraine.
In Armenia, Christmas is celebrated on January 6.
The table below shows days of state non-working Christmas celebrations in European and some Christian countries of the world:
Light Coloured Christmas holiday in many European countries, where they profess Catholicism, Lutheranism and Protestantism, they traditionally celebrate a week before the New Year - 25 December, right after the end of the Christmas fast.
In the Russian Orthodox Church, as well as in the Greek Catholic, Serbian, Georgian churches and on Athos, Christmas is celebrated according to the old calendar, that is, two weeks after European Christmas - January 7th.
Most Christians living in old Europe celebrate Christmas according to the Gregorian calendar. Catholics, Lutherans, and some branches of Protestantism adhere to this very reckoning of years in defining religious holidays. Christmas for these Europeans comes on December 25th.
At the same time, Christmas Eve is especially celebrated - the night from December 24 to 25.
In Europe, Christmas is on December 25th every year. The date of the holiday of Christmas is constant. This is the so-called Catholic Christmas. Europe celebrates Christmas according to the Gregorian calendar. The Orthodox Church remains in Julian. Gifts are placed under the Christmas tree on the evening of December 24th. It is customary to gather in the bosom of the family on the Holy Eve on the eve of Christmas.
In Russia, the bright holiday of Christmas is celebrated a week after the onset of the new year, namely on the seventh of January. At the same time, in Europe, this holiday is celebrated on the contrary a week earlier in relation to the New Year, namely the twenty-fifth of December, all because they have a Catholic Christmas, and we have Orthodox.
If we mean the so-called old Europe, then in these countries Christmas is celebrated according to the Gregorian calendar and it comes on December 25th. The Russian Orthodox Church celebrates Christmas according to the Julian calendar - January 7th.
We have begun to celebrate the Nativity of Christ, according to tradition, since the seventh of January, and we are used to it, since everything happens according to the Julian calendar. But in Europe they celebrate Christmas, since the twenty-fifth of December according to the Gregorian calendar, not like ours. But, although in Ukraine, I read that they want to celebrate Christmas from the twenty-fifth of December, as in Europe, but I don’t know: is it true or not?
The celebration of Christmas depends on which calendar countries are "based" on. Since there are countries that celebrate according to the Gregorian calendar, and there are the Julian ones.
Russia celebrates according to Julian and it is the unchanged date of January 7th. In other European countries - December 25.