For many years, rolls and sushi have been very popular with people all over the world. The names of the rolls and sushi are very different, as are the dishes themselves. There are many options for them: different components, different tastes and, accordingly, compositions that are dissimilar to each other. All this makes gourmets try new types of products and choose the ones they like most.
Many people believe that sushi and rolls are one and the same, but in fact, there is some difference between the two delicacies. There are several types of sushi and rolls, and each of them has its own name.
Sushi and rolls: the difference between dishes
Before describing the names of rolls and sushi, you need to find out how these dishes differ from each other. Sushi is a traditional snack of the Land of the Rising Sun. The composition of the dish includes smoked or raw fish fillets cut into thin slices, seafood, vegetables and rice, cooked in a special way.
Other names for rolls sound like "makizushi" or "maki", which translates as "twisted sushi" (sushi) - this is one of the varieties of the previous dish, which requires a special bamboo mat. Pressed noria algae is applied to it. Then rice is evenly applied on the bucket elevator, and on top - some other filling. The mat can then be rolled up into a sausage and cut into thin little wedges.
Sushi consists only of seafood and rice, while other products can be put in rolls. Sushi is served only cold, and certain types of rolls are used only when heated.
A story of two delicacies
According to one of the versions (it is the most common), sushi was first prepared in Southeast Asia. Then the delicacy came to China and only then reached Japan. But there is another story of the appearance of the dish and the names of rolls and sushi. According to this version, the delicacy was invented by the Japanese. Legend tells that Emperor Keiko XII, who ruled in the XIII century, tried a new dish somehow. Keiko admired the taste of the food. The meal consisted of raw sea clams flavored with vinegar. This dish gave rise to the sushi that we know today.
Unlike sushi, rolls were first prepared not in Japan, but in the American Los Angeles. Here, classic sushi has been modified to suit American preferences. Ichiro Mashitoi, a Japanese chef working in a Los Angeles restaurant in 1973, prepared this dish for the first time. Hence the names of sushi and rolls "California" and "Philadelphia" appeared. These names are still called rolls.
Varieties and names of rolls
In modern cooking, many types of rolls take place (the names of some types are associated with the names of American cities). Let's consider some of the types of rolls and the peculiarities of their preparation.
- Rolls "California"... To prepare them, you need shrimp, chaplain caviar and a Japanese omelet. Caviar gives the dish an orange hue and spicy taste.
- Rolls "Philadelphia"... The title of this variety was given not so much by the name of one of the US states as by the name of the most delicate cheese, which is surprisingly combined with tobiko caviar and salmon. These rolls have simply unsurpassed taste.
- Rolls "Miami"... They are a dish of smoked eel, crab and Philadelphia cheese. The dish also includes slices of avocado and salmon, teriyaki sauce, sesame seeds and tobiko caviar. This is one of the most high-calorie rolls.
- Rolls "Fukinizhe"... Prepared from a mixture of eel, squid, cucumber, salmon, sea bass, shrimp, tuna and lekedra. All ingredients are seasoned with hot sauce. The taste of the finished dish cannot be compared with any other type of rolls.
- Hosomaki, or mono rolls... These are thin rolls wrapped in seaweed on the outside. The filling of such a dish consists of rice, fish or any one seafood. These are the traditional and most popular Japanese rolls.
Varieties and names of sushi
The names of the rolls from the photo can be viewed in our article. Here you can also get acquainted with some types and names of sushi. So, the most popular sushi are:
- Nigiri sushi... The classic version of cooking, which looks like a piece of oblong rice topped with a slice of very fresh fish. Instead of fish, you can use any other seafood (tuna, shrimp, octopus or squid are suitable). Nigiri must be served with soy sauce or wasabi.
- Futomaki Sushi... The peculiarity of this dish is that most often the norias are located outside here. A cylindrical delicacy is stuffed with several ingredients.
- Nared sushi... This is the "forefather" of nigiri. Previously, this delicacy was prepared like this: fish was salted in a barrel and kept in water for about one hour. Then they alternately laid it out in layers with rice and left it in the barrel for a while. The product could only be consumed after six months. Today narad sushi is prepared in much the same way, except that special small forms are used instead of barrels.
The benefits of sushi and rolls
Much has been said about the benefits and dangers of these dishes. Whoever says anything, rolls (types and names, photos are presented in our review) are an incredibly useful product. It uses rice, which cleanses the human body, stimulates the intestines, removing toxins. Also, rice contains many minerals and vitamins. And the meat of sea fish used to make rolls is considered dietary, but enriched with many useful substances that have a beneficial effect on the functioning of the brain.
Something interesting about rolls and sushi
Previously, the name "sushi" in Japan was written using a single hieroglyph, which stood for fish. Today the same hieroglyph stands for longevity.
Almost all roll cooks are men. And most restaurants in Japan refuse to hire female chefs at all. They motivate their decision by the fact that women have a higher body temperature, and therefore they are not able to cook such a delicate dish. The Japanese claim that a difference of two to four degrees affects the taste of the final delicacy.
If you want to make real sushi or rolls, it is recommended to use only short round rice for the dish.