What is tartan?
Tartana - comes from the Italian word. This is a small vessel used in the 16th and 19th centuries in the Mediterranean. Tartans were used for coastal communication, fishing, as warships. Over the course of 300 years, the design of the ship has changed: masts were added, sails changed.
All types of tartan are united by the oblique Latin sailing rig.
Tartans appeared in Provence as very popular and maneuverable ships.
In the 18th century, the number of masts was added to the tartans, they were used as light warships (mainly as messenger ships, gunboats, light artillery ships).
In the 19th century (first half), tartans increased in size, and from the middle of the 19th century, ships ceased to be built.
Tartans were very widely used in the western Mediterranean by French, Spanish, Portuguese, Albanian, Italian sailors, as well as Algerian pirates and Turks.
There were also many varieties of them: tartarone (the largest), tartanetta (slightly larger than tartans), tartanella (slightly less than tartans), tartarine (the smallest).
Tartans were also in service with the Russian fleet at the beginning of the 18th century, but there were only 3: 2 in the Baltic, 1 in the Sea of Azov. More efficient vessels were found in the Russian fleet, which were more suitable for the conditions of the Baltic. So, in good weather tartans were like "sea falcons", but in storms - "like donkeys", and all because of the construction of the sails, which allowed the stormy sea to fill the ship with shafts.
By the way, it was the tartana that saved Edmond Dantes during his escape from the Château d'If in the "Count of Monte Cristo".
The tartana is a small, fast ship. In the Mediterranean Sea, a single-masted vessel. In Spain, the two-wheeled carriage is open at the front and rear.
It seems to be the name of a medieval ship. Its distinctive feature was an oblique sail. The vessel was used both for fishing and for military purposes.