How to make out the composition of the words "dwelling", "lived"?

How to make out the words "dwelling", "lived" by their composition?

  • In a word dwelling the following morphemes are distinguished:

    • zhi - the root of the word;
    • suffixes: "l" and "isch";
    • ending - e (dwellings, in dwellings);
    • the basis is - dwellings.

    Word lived has the following morphemes:

    • root - live;
    • the suffix is ​​- l;
    • the ending will be - and (lived, lived);
    • the basis of the word is zhi (the formative suffix is ​​not included in it).
  • Let's start with a shorter word - lived. This is a verb in the past tense, which means that you can immediately select the ending -i and the suffix -л-. The root of the word is -zhi-, this can be confirmed by looking for the same root words: live, make money, live. The stem of the word is -zhi-.

    The second word is similar, but it is a noun. Let's find the ending by declining the word: dwellings, dwellings, and so on. it is obvious that the ending is -e. The root -ji-, we know this from the previous example, the suffix -l- remained, which means that one more suffix -isch- can be distinguished. The basis of the word is dwellings.

  • Words are parsed into morphemes as follows:

    How to make out the words "dwelling", "lived" by their composition?

    • lived. What they were doing. It is a past tense plural verb. So -l is a formative suffix. The ending is -– (lived, lived). The root is -zhi- (live, lived, survived). The basis of the word is -ji-, since we do not enter the ending here, as well as the formative suffix.
    • dwelling. This is a singular noun (nominative or accusative). The ending here is exactly - (dwellings, dwellings, dwellings). The root is still the same -zhi-, -l- suffix, but already derivational, the suffix -isch-. The basis of the word is dwellings. We discard only the ending.

    The bottom line:

    zhi / l / i - root / suffix / ending,

    zhi / l / search / e - / root / suffix / suffix / ending.

  • Word lived answers the question - what did you do?

    It is an imperfect past tense verb in the plural.

    Is feasible analysis by composition Zhili's words:

    The root of the word is -ji- (life, live, survive, etc.)

    The ending of the verb Lived - (vein, lived_, lived)

    Let's select, of course, and the past tense suffix of the verb -л-

    The stem of the word is -zhi-.


    Word dwelling is a neuter, singular, nominative and accusative.

    We make the morphemic analysis the words of the Dwelling:

    The root of this word is -zhi- (live, alive, etc.)

    The end of the word is - (dwelling, to dwelling, etc.)

    There are two suffixes in the word: this is the suffix -l- and the suffix -isch-

    The basis in the word -dwellings-.

  • The noun Dwelling has the ending -E: Dwelling-Dwelling-Dwelling. Co-root words Dwelling-Dwelling-Dwelling-Alive-Live. The root of the word is ZhI-. Remains the noun suffix -ISCH- and the word-forming suffix -Л-.

    We get: ZHI-L-ISH-E (root-suffix-suffix-ending), the basis of the word HOUSING-.

    The past tense verb Zhili is derived from the infinitive Live. Let's select in it the suffix of the past tense -Л-, which we will not include in the base of the word, as formative. The end of the word -I: They lived-I lived-It lived. Co-root words Live-Alive-Survive-Residential. The root of the word turns out to be ZhI-.

    We get: ЖИ-Л-И (root-suffix-ending), the base of the word ЖИ-.

  • Root - ZhI; suffix - Л; suffix - ISH; ending - E;

    Base of the word: HOUSING.

    Formation method: Suffix.

    Root - ZhI; suffix - Л; ending - AND;

    Base of the word: LIVED.

    Formation method: Suffix.

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