Where was Abu Ali ibn Sina (Avicenna) born?
The great scientist, philosopher, mathematician and physician - Abu Ali ibn Sina or, as the Europeans called him, Avicenna was born on August 16, 980 at that time in the rather large city of Afshan, 30 kilometers from Bukhara. Bukhara was at that time the capital of the Samanid state. Five years later, the family moved to Bukhara itself, where the boy was sent to a Muslim school. Apparently, his teachers understood about the boy's genius pretty quickly. By the age of ten, he was studying almost independently. Although Abu Ali ibn Sina was a versatile scientist and more committed to a philosophical understanding of the world, humanity knows about him as a great physician. Already at the age of sixteen, he was admitted to the treatment of the Emir of Bukhara. At the age of twenty, he moved to Khorezm, where he had the opportunity to communicate with the greatest scientists of Central Asia. The main works in the field of medicine are the great work Canon of Medicine, Medicines, On the benefits and dangers of wine, Treatise on sexual power, Blood vessels for bloodletting.
Now Afshana is a small village where the Avicenna Museum exists.
Settlement Afshan near Bukhara, Samanid State. August 16, 980.
Avicenna, or his full name, Abu Ali Hussein ibn Abdullah ibn al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Sina, was born in the small village of Afshan near Bukhara, on August 16, 980.
Ibn Sina wrote in his biography: My father was from Balkh and came from there to Bukhara during the reign of the Samanid Nukh ibn Mansur and took up work there in the divan - the office. He was given the management of Harmaisan, the center of one of the buliks (districts) in the vicinity of Bukhara. From Afshana, one of the nearest villages, he took my mother, Sitara Zvezda, as his wife. It was there that I was born first, and then my brother.
Avicenna is a medieval oriental scientist-encyclopedist, a great healer. For a long time he worked as a doctor at the court of the Samanid emirs, in the city of Hamadan he was a vizier.
As a child, the boy distinguished himself by giftedness, insight and phenomenal memory. In his biography, he writes: By the age of ten, I had studied the Qur'an and literary science and made such progress that everyone was amazed. At the age of 10, he graduated from maktab, an elementary school for Muslims. With the help of teachers, he began to study many sciences on his own. At the age of 16, he began to treat the emirs.
More than 450 works in various fields of science belonged to him, of which only 274 works have survived to this day. His most famous works: Encyclopedias "The Book of Healing", "The Book of Knowledge"; "Canon of Medicine". His books are devoted to various fields of science: chemistry, astronomy, mechanics, philosophy, music, literature and psychology.
He died on June 18, 1037 from a severe stomach illness, from which he could not be healed. Before his death, he bequeathed to release his slaves and distribute his property to those in need.
They buried Avcenna in Hamadan, and later transported his ashes to Isfahan, where he was reburied in the emir's mausoleum.
In the medieval eastern world he was an influential and famous scientist-philosopher.
Many streets, museums, universities are named in his honor, and a crater on the moon is named after him.