What is the difference between the diseases osteoporosis, osteochondrosis and osteoarthritis?
Better not to learn about them and their differences!
The common root of all these words is OST, i.e. bone. Therefore, all these diseases are associated with bone disorders.
osteochondrosis - more often affects individual parts of the spine or the whole. After all, the spine is not a single bone, but an organ consisting of bony vertebrae. And so that the vertebrae do not rub against each other between them and there are elastic pads - intervertebral discs. Over the years, a change occurs in them, they become harder, lose elasticity, "clogged with salts" as many say, therefore this is a degenerative-dystrophic disease. Sometimes the spacer - the disc does not work and the nerve is clamped with extreme pain. Depending on your physical activity, the most loaded part will suffer: cervical, thoracic or lumbar, or even all at once.
Osteoarthritis - when the same changes occur in the periosteum of the articulating joints. The cartilaginous tissue covering the articular surface most often rubs during our movements (flexion - extension). And as they say:
If the body lacks some substances, then the new periosteum does not have time to grow, and the old one is all worn out and the articular surfaces begin to rub against each other, even changing the shape of the joint. Naturally, the articular surfaces become inflamed with pain and limited mobility - arthritis develops, and then everything turns into a chronic form - osteoarthritis.
Osteoporosis - when all the bones of the skeleton become fragile due to the loss of many salts and trace elements. Our urine consists of some salts, it cannot go with water alone, and if there are no salts in the diet, the body takes them from the bones. And any fall becomes a problem and the presence of many fractures - a person becomes, as it were, glass. This chronic disease only progresses and is closely related to hormonal levels. Therefore, it develops more often in women after the onset of menopause.
Since I suffer from all of the above diseases to one degree or another, they are well known to me.
The disease, which can manifest itself in the form of severe attacks, accompanied by pain in the indicated departments, is popularly called radiculitis.
It most often affects the joints of the extremities, causing pain and swelling of the joints during exacerbations of the disease, and restricts the mobility of the joints.
It is typical for people after forty-five years, especially women in the postmenopausal period get sick with it. In men, the risk of the disease is three times lower than in women.