How does alcohol affect the sex cells of women and men?
Alcohol kills and damages male germ cells, but the sperm supply changes completely after 3 months. That is, if a man stopped drinking, then after 3 months he will have new and lively sperm. For women, the situation is different. The egg cell membrane reliably protects the cell itself from the penetration of poisons, and only alcohol can violate the integrity of this membrane. Eggs are given from birth, they are not renewed, and each exposure to alcohol has a detrimental effect on them: the structure of the cell changes, DNA is distorted, proteins are destroyed. Moreover, the mutation can occur, for example, at the age of 20, and the fertilization of this cell at 25 or 30.
In both men and women, the gene pool mutates from alcohol consumption. At the same time, every three months the male reproductive cells are renewed, so the man still has the opportunity to recover, but the female cells, alas, are not restored.