In fact, viral colds are an extremely common problem. It is unlikely that there is a person who at least once in his life has not encountered a similar disease. That is why many people today are interested in the question of what to take with the flu.
It's no secret that in the modern world, colds are not always perceived as a reason to see a doctor. Yes, in most cases, the flu goes away after 1-2 weeks, but do not forget that the disease can lead to a host of complications. So what is better to take with flu and SARS? What groups of drugs are there? What does the most effective therapy look like? The answers to these questions will be of interest to many readers.
Antibiotics for influenza - how effective are they?
At the first symptoms of a cold, people often try to get rid of the disease with antibacterial agents. So what antibiotics should you take for the flu? In fact, taking such drugs is useless in this case. The fact is that antibacterial agents are simply powerless against viruses. Therefore, when the first symptoms appear, you should consult a doctor. After a thorough diagnosis, the specialist will be able to determine which type of pathogenic microorganisms caused the disease.
The only exceptions can be those cases when influenza or other acute respiratory viral infections have led to the development of bacterial complications. In connection with the weakening of immunity, an increase in the activity of bacterial microorganisms may be observed. Flu is often complicated by otitis media, frontal sinusitis, sinusitis. To this list can be added bacterial pneumonia, meningitis, encephalitis, septic conditions (this is extremely rare, most often in people with immunodeficiency).
And in such cases, what antibiotics to take for the flu? The attending physician will select the appropriate antibacterial agent for you, since here a lot depends on the strain of bacteria and the general condition of the body. Most often, patients are prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotics - "Flemoxin", "Doxycycline", "Augmentin", "Amoxycycline" and others.
What medications should I take for the flu? Complex therapy
The common cold is a problem that every person faces on a regular basis. So what to take with the flu? In fact, it all depends on the type of pathogen, the state of the immune system, the severity of the disease, etc. In any case, if you have symptoms, you should still consult a doctor, since other, more dangerous diseases can be hidden under the guise of acute respiratory infections.
Influenza requires complex therapy, which includes not only taking medications, but also the correct regimen, preventive precautions, hygiene, good nutrition, etc. What medications are taken for the flu?
- antiviral drugs;
- medicines containing interferon or stimulating its synthesis (interferon helps to strengthen the immune defense and speed up the healing process);
- symptomatic therapy is also carried out - for example, with a severe runny nose, nasal drops are needed, and if there is a cough, appropriate expectorants are prescribed, etc.
The most popular and effective antiviral drugs
Today, there are many antiviral drugs that help to cope with the disease, reduce the severity of symptoms, and also speed up the healing process.
For example, drugs such as "Deytiforin", "Adapromin", "Arbidol" and many others are considered quite effective. These drugs are really effective, but they have high specificity - they are active only against influenza A and B viruses. Of the analogs of the above drugs, "Remantadin" is the most popular. Some pharmaceutical companies also produce the drug under the name "Algirem".
How to take Remantadin for influenza? Tablets for adults should be taken after meals. As a rule, doctors recommend taking 100 mg of the active ingredient twice a day. The course of treatment lasts 5-7 days. If you are interested in questions about what is best for a child to take with the flu, then you should give preference to "Remantadin" (or "Algirem") in the form of a syrup. Children from 1 to 3 years old take two teaspoons of syrup (10 ml) 2-3 times a day. For a child aged 3-7 years, the dose is increased to 15 ml 2-3 times a day.
It is worth noting that the above drugs are usually used to treat the flu and colds in the early stages. They can only be prescribed by the attending physician.
Interferons for the treatment of influenza
What to take with the flu to speed up your recovery? Quite often, the so-called interferon drugs are included in the course of treatment. These funds inhibit the process of multiplication of viruses in the body, which, accordingly, makes it possible for the immune system to defeat the infection. Today, there are many similar drugs.
For example, "Viferon" is considered quite popular, the active components of which are obtained using genetic engineering methods. This drug has antiviral effects, activates the immune system, protects cells from damage, and also acts as an antioxidant. The drug is available in the form of rectal suppositories (for children of different ages), as well as nasal ointments.
Naturally, modern pharmacology offers other means of this type. For example, "Sveferon", "Inferon", "Egiferon", "Leukinferon", as well as "Grippferon", "Interlock" are considered highly effective. All these drugs have similar properties - they block the multiplication of any viruses. They are produced mainly in the form of nasal drops, which, by the way, makes it possible to minimize the likelihood of infection through the respiratory tract (therefore, they can also be used as a prophylaxis).
No less effective are drugs that stimulate the body's production of its own interferon, which, of course, ensures a quick recovery. These agents are effective against not only the influenza virus, but also against other acute respiratory infections.
One of the most popular today is the drug "Amiksin". This tool is also available under other names - "Tiloron", "Lavomax". The maximum activation of interferon synthesis is observed 18 hours after taking the pill. How to take Amiksin for flu? The dosage in this case is determined by the attending physician. But, as a rule, in the first two days, the patient is recommended to drink 125-250 mg of the active ingredient, then take a break for a day, then resume treatment, taking 125 mg each. The course of treatment most often lasts about a week, but the maximum number of pills taken is 6 pieces.
Means containing methylglucamine acridone acetate are no less effective. The most famous drug in this group is Cycloferon. It should be noted that this remedy has practically no side effects. It is used to treat not only adults, but also children over a year old. The maximum concentration of interferon in the patient's blood is observed 8 hours after ingestion, and the level of this substance remains for another 48-72 hours.
The drug of the latest generation is "Neovir", the main active ingredient of which is sodium hydroxyhydroacridinyl acetate. This agent is produced in the form of a solution for intramuscular injection and is widely used in modern medicine to treat severe forms of influenza, some other colds and herpes.
Sometimes doctors use the drug "Dibazol" for the flu. How to take this remedy? To begin with, it is worth noting that this medicine has myotropic, vasodilatory and antispasmodic properties. And it is used mainly for the treatment of diseases associated with spasm of smooth muscles, as well as hypertensive crisis and some neurological disorders.
Nevertheless, "Dibazol" has a mild immunostimulating effect. And in some cases it is used to treat ARVI, but only in combination with calcium gluconate and ascorbic acid. The solution is administered intravenously.
Of course, symptomatic therapy is extremely important in this case. So what medications should you take for the flu? In fact, it all depends on the disorders present and the general condition of the patient - sometimes additional therapy is not required, and sometimes many additional drugs must be introduced into the treatment regimen.
- Quite often, patients are prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. For example, Diclofenac, Ibuprofen, Nurofen, Paracetamol are considered quite effective. These agents help to eliminate fever, reduce the intensity of the inflammatory process, and also have analgesic properties.
- With a strong increase in temperature (if taking anti-inflammatory drugs for one reason or another is not possible), the doctor may prescribe other antipyretic drugs - "Aspirin", "Mefenamic acid", etc.
- Colds are often accompanied by severe nasal congestion, which makes breathing difficult and worsens the patient's condition. What to take for the flu? Vasoconstrictor nasal drops are considered quite effective, which reduce swelling, facilitate the outflow of fluid from the sinuses. For example, Otrivin, Xilen, Rinorus, Galazolin are considered quite effective. On the other hand, it is worth remembering that such drops can be used no longer than 5-7 days.
- Medications are also needed to relieve a sore throat. Gargling is of course the most effective - home remedies can be used for this purpose, including a mild solution of baking soda or peroxide, chamomile or sage decoctions. In the pharmacy, you can buy special tablets and lozenges, for example, Strepsils, Linkas, Septefril, Lisobakt. If necessary, you can use disinfecting throat sprays, in particular, "Orasept" or "Hexoral".
- With a dry cough, doctors, as a rule, prescribe expectorant drugs - it can be Bronholitin, ACTS, Lazolvan, Ambroxol, Mukotin.
- What other medications do doctors recommend to take for the flu? The course of treatment also includes taking antihistamines. First, these drugs reduce the risk of developing an allergic reaction to other drugs taken. Secondly, they relieve swelling of the mucous membranes of the throat, nose and bronchi, which makes breathing much easier. The most effective and popular drugs include Loratidin, Semprex, Suprastin, Claritin, Tavegil.
Some helpful tips
Of course, your doctor will tell you what you can take for the flu. But do not forget about some of the treatment rules. In particular, in case of colds, it is extremely important to observe the drinking regime - at least 2-3 liters of liquid should be drunk per day. This helps to speed up the elimination of toxins from the body and thus reduce flu symptoms and prevent dehydration. And if drinks contain a large amount of vitamin C (for example, fresh juices, fruit drinks, decoctions of berries and medicinal herbs), then this will also have a positive effect on the activity of the immune system.
The patient also needs rest and bed rest. Physical activity, stress, lack of rest increase the likelihood of developing certain complications.
The main methods of prevention
Of course, sometimes it is much easier to prevent the development of a disease than to cure it. And therefore, many patients are interested in questions about what to take to prevent influenza. In fact, to prevent the disease, doctors usually prescribe the same drugs as for its treatment, but only in different quantities. For example, the drug "Remantadin" is considered quite effective, which is affordable and sold in almost every pharmacy.
Arbidol is considered to be no less popular. In the event that you have been in contact with a sick person, you need to take 0,2 g of the active substance per day for 1-2 weeks. With a seasonal outbreak of the disease, you can drink 0,1 g of the drug every few days - this will help prevent infection. Naturally, there are other remedies available to help prevent disease. For example, "Aflubin" helps to strengthen the immune defense, it can be given even to small children.
However, it is not enough just to know what to take to prevent the flu. It is also important to observe some precautions. For example, direct contact with an infected person should be avoided. Do not forget that for some time viral particles can remain on household items and food, so it is important to adhere to the rules of personal hygiene, wash your hands, etc.
The state of the immune system is also important, because influenza or acute respiratory infections develop only if the immune system is not able to resist infection. Therefore, carefully monitor your diet (the diet should contain a sufficient amount of nutrients, vitamins, minerals), observe the mode of work and rest (an exhausted body is more susceptible to infectious diseases), exercise regularly, spend time in the fresh air, give up bad habits, avoid stress and emotional strain.
Vaccination: how effective is it?
Many people go to their doctor's office and ask about what is best to take for the flu and how successful vaccinations can be. It should be said right off the bat that modern pharmaceutical companies produce a wide variety of vaccines. Moreover, the composition of these drugs changes every year.
As a rule, patients are vaccinated against the type of virus that caused the outbreak last season, so they do not guarantee one hundred percent protection, because the virus is constantly changing. However, this procedure can be effective.
Today there are several types of vaccines:
- Whole virion preparations, which contain whole, but inactivated viral particles. Due to the high likelihood of developing side effects, such drugs are not used today.
- Split vaccines contain only individual particles of the virus, therefore, they cause side reactions and complications much less often.
- Subunit vaccines are highly purified with minimal risk of complications. This medicine is used to vaccinate children.
It should be noted that immunity usually develops within 1-2 weeks after vaccination. That is why the vaccine is recommended to be done even before the start of the epidemic.
Stomach (intestinal) flu: features of the disease and treatment methods
A viral infection does not only affect the respiratory tract. And today people quite often face such an unpleasant problem as gastroenteritis. So what to take for stomach flu? The answer to this question is interesting to many readers.
To begin with, it is worth noting that different types of viruses can act as the causative agent of this disease - these are rotaviruses, enteroviruses, noroviruses, and some others. The virus enters the body through contact with an infected person. Also, food often becomes a source of infection, since viral particles can retain the ability to live in water, meat, and dairy products.
As a rule, regardless of the type of pathogen, the symptoms of stomach (intestinal flu) are the same. A few hours after the penetration of the virus, the first signs appear - these are general weakness, fever, decreased appetite, nausea and vomiting, as well as repeated diarrhea. Standard flu symptoms may also appear, including nasal congestion, coughing, hoarseness, etc.
So what to take with intestinal flu? In fact, there is no specific therapy in this case. Quite often, patients are prescribed the same antiviral and immunomodulatory agents that are described above. And in this case, symptomatic therapy is extremely important, because constant vomiting and diarrhea can lead to dehydration.
The patient is advised to drink as much liquid as possible. With prolonged vomiting, antiemetics are prescribed, in particular, "Prifinia bromide" or "Cerucala". Diarrhea can be stopped with Enterofuril - this medicine is safe, it can even be given to children. Since gastroenteritis is most often associated with dysbacteriosis, the course of therapy must include taking medications that contain live strains of beneficial bacteria - this can be Bifiform, Atzilakt, Linex, Kipatsid.
In any case, it is worth remembering that only a doctor can tell you what medications to take for the flu. Do not self-medicate.