An elastic bandage is a very convenient and practical tool. Many women and men often use this device. The product is sold in every pharmacy chain or large market. It should be noted that the length of the product and the width may be different. This article will tell you how to properly apply an elastic bandage to your leg. You will also learn in what cases this tool is used and what could be an alternative.
You can easily apply this elastic material to your leg or arm. It is most often used for ligament injuries, bruises, sprains and varicose veins. An elastic bandage is always applied after an operation on the vessels of the lower extremities. It facilitates the work of the veins and relieves them of a lot of stress.
The size of the product can be completely different. You should always consider the purpose of your purchase. The elastic bandage on the leg is longer than the hand bandage. Also, similar products are equipped with mounts. They can be in the form of velcro, strings or metal staples.
How to apply an elastic bandage to the leg area?
Depending on what pathology you have, the method of fixing the product may be different. Let's consider several options for how to use the elastic bandage (medical) correctly.
Ligament damage: a way to fix the bandage
If you have sprained the ligaments, then this elastic product will help you. Most often, this injury occurs as a result of twisting the leg. The person begins to feel severe pain in the ankle when stepped on, and swelling may also appear. It should be noted that in this case, an elastic bandage on the leg is applied only during the daytime. Before going to bed, the bandage must be removed, and put on again in the morning. If the joint is damaged, it is worth giving preference to short bandages with Velcro fasteners.
Start wrapping your leg from the base of your toes. In this case, the elastic (medical) bandage should not completely cover the limb. The phalanges of the fingers should be clearly visible. This is necessary to determine the state of the leg during fixation. If your fingers start to turn blue, then you should loosen the tension. The bandage is wound in layers. Moreover, each next layer should cover the previous one by a couple of centimeters. In the area of the heel, you need to fix the product especially tightly. To do this, you can pull it a little tighter.
It is necessary to bandage the leg when stretching the ligaments before the beginning of the calves. This is where the product is fixed. After applying the bandage, the person feels pain relief and is able to move independently. At the same time, various anesthetic ointments can be used, but it is better to see a specialist after injury to assess the complexity of the situation.
Varicose veins and elastic bandage
How to wrap an elastic bandage for varicose veins? In this case, the method of using such a device is somewhat different. To begin with, it is worth considering where the enlarged vein is located. If this area is on the ankle and at the beginning of the calves, then the product must be applied up to the knee. When varicose veins affect the area under the knee, the bandage is applied to the middle of the thigh. If the dilated veins are visible above the knee, then the product should be used along the entire length of the leg (up to the very top of the thigh).
An elastic bandage for varicose veins is selected in accordance with the form of the disease. The preferred length of the product is from two to five meters. Give preference to bandages with metal fasteners. They can be fixed in absolutely any place and position.
You need to wind the bandage from the very toes. In this case, the fingers remain open. A prerequisite for overlaying the product is a horizontal position. It is better to use the bandage immediately after waking up. Without getting out of bed, lift your limbs up for two minutes. If you had to take an upright position, then after that you need to lie down again and raise your legs for five minutes. Then you can start bandaging. Even if the varicose veins are at knee level, elastic should be applied from the toes. Otherwise, you can get the opposite effect.
After applying the first turn, pull the bandage a little and wrap the leg so that the new layer covers the previous one by more than half. In this way, continue to fix the leg tightly. Once you reach the heel, wrap the area gently and tightly. Remember that in case of varicose veins, the heel and knee should also be covered with the product. When you get to the desired level, secure the bandage with the clasps. The higher you climb the leg, the less the bandage pressure should be.
After surgery: how to use elastic material?
If you had an operation to treat varicose veins, then the bandage is applied immediately (on the operating table). In this case, the product can be removed only after a few days. Be sure to wear compression hosiery after giving up bandages. Such products are becoming an alternative to tight bandaging. They are easy to use and easier to put on. Compression tights or stockings are practically indistinguishable from ordinary ones. The same cannot be said for the elastic bandage.
Joint damage in the knee: fixation with a medical bandage
In this case, the familiar elastic bandage will also come to the rescue. For correct fixation of the knee joint, you need to take a sitting or upright position. You need to start applying the product from the calves. Wrap the knee tightly. Each new layer should overlap the previous one by two to three centimeters. Secure the garment over the knee and try a few steps. With the correct use of the product, it will not be difficult for you to bend and straighten your leg, and the pain will decrease somewhat.
Recommendations for those who use an elastic bandage
Before you independently apply a medical elastic bandage on your leg, it is worth visiting a doctor - surgeon or traumatologist. Only a specialist can sensibly assess the complexity of the situation and give appropriate recommendations. Also, the doctor will show you the correct way to use the bandage in your particular case.
Compression hosiery has become an alternative to an elastic bandage. However, this statement is only true in the case of varicose veins. If ligaments or joints are damaged, plaster cast can be an alternative to tight bandaging.
Elastic bandages require some maintenance. They need to be washed daily in cool water using non-aggressive detergents. After improper washing, the product may lose its quality. Some people choose to buy new items instead of washing. It is worth noting that such a pleasure is quite expensive.
It is better to dry the bandage in a straightened state at room temperature. Do not use clothespins or a battery to dry. Store the product neatly folded in a dry place. The shelf life of the product is from two to five years, depending on the frequency of its use.