There must be enough saliva in the mouth to chew food properly, cleanse the gums and teeth, and soften food and pass it through the esophagus. It is secreted by special glands located on the inner cheeks and under the tongue. Saliva enters the oral cavity constantly, and while eating, its amount increases several times.
Many people are familiar with the sensation of dry mouth in the morning. But not everyone takes this trouble seriously, although it can signal the presence of certain disorders and even diseases in the body. Worries you dry mouth in the morning? What to do? Read about the causes, treatment and consequences of this condition in this article.
There is a medical term that doctors use when detecting signs of dry mouth - xerostomia. By nature and symptomatology, this condition is of two types:
- objective (abnormal malfunctions of the salivary glands);
- subjective (dryness caused by other factors).
Xerostomia does not occur on its own, usually this ailment is associated with a specific problem in the body. In some cases, dry mouth can be caused by certain diseases and disappears at the same time as recovery.
If the manifestations of xerostomia are fickle and very rare, there is no cause for concern. However, it is worth listening to your body if they arise every morning. Dry mouth, which occurs very often, can signal serious disorders in the body.
The main signs of xerostomia include:
- feeling thirsty regularly;
- trouble swallowing or chewing food;
- change in taste;
- dry or sticky throat and mouth;
- burning sensation on the surface of the tongue or the entire mucous membrane of the mouth;
- cracks, wounds on the lips;
- bad breath;
Dry mouth in the morning: causes and treatment
Almost always, xerostomia occurs due to a decrease in saliva secretion and can be both temporary and permanent.
If you experience dry mouth in the morning, the reasons may be as follows:
- alcohol intoxication;
- colds or malfunctions of the respiratory system;
- taking certain medications;
- night snoring;
- dry air in the bedroom;
- the course of certain diseases in the body;
- advanced age.
Drugs affecting the work of the salivary glands
Severe dry mouth in the morning can occur while taking certain medications. Basically, these are drugs that are prescribed by a doctor in case of treatment:
- mental illness, depression;
- infectious ailments or allergic manifestations;
- oncological diseases;
- malfunctions of the digestive system;
- heart disease.
Some therapies can also cause dry mouth. Xerostomia is especially manifested in patients after chemotherapy procedures.
A number of hidden diseases
Soreness, viscosity in the mouth, unreasonable burning sensation in the throat - such manifestations should alert, especially if they are systematic and are observed in the morning. Dry mouth may be a sign of a serious illness in the body.
You should be especially careful if, simultaneously with xerostomia, there are sharp jumps in weight, frequent urination and insomnia. Such symptoms may indicate a malfunction of the endocrine system. If a bitter taste is added to the dry mouth, this may be a sign of abnormalities in the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
Xerostomia can be caused by the following diseases:
- pathology of the gallbladder;
- HIV infection;
- Parkinson's or Alzheimer's disease;
- Sjogren's syndrome.
Dehydration of the body
Our body consists of water, and its lack can affect not only health, but also worsen the appearance of a person.
Most often, dehydration occurs during the summer, and can also be triggered by a number of factors, such as:
- severe vomiting the day before;
- increased sweating;
- taking diuretic drugs;
- insufficient amount of water consumed.
In winter, the premises are heated by batteries, and often uncontrolled heat is unnecessary. This leads to drying out of the air, which negatively affects the respiratory system. In order to dry mouth in the morning did not bother you, it is advisable to install humidifiers in the rooms set aside for sleeping.
It is also recommended to install special valves on heating devices, with the help of which it will be possible to regulate the supply of heat to the room. This will not only save you money, but also save you from many troubles, one of which is dry mouth.
With surgery or severe trauma to the brain, its parts that are responsible for the activity of the salivary glands can be damaged. As a result, the supply of impulses to tissues and organs is disrupted, a failure occurs in the chain of communication with the nervous system, which entails a number of changes. The salivary glands begin to voluntarily secrete fluid: too much or not enough of it is formed, which leads to xerostomia.
Do you have daily thirst in the morning? Dry mouth that has regular symptoms can be a sign of gastroesophageal reflux disease. As a result of this pathology, gastric juice enters the esophagus, which leads to burns of the mucous membranes. To alleviate this condition, the glands begin to produce large amounts of saliva. Having produced a significant volume of fluid, these channels are completely dehydrated by the morning, which leads to increased dry mouth.
Pregnancy and dry mouth
This period in many women is accompanied by toxicosis, which is expressed by diarrhea, nausea or vomiting. He is especially worried in the morning. Dry mouth can be caused by vomiting or diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration. In this case, the pregnant woman should regularly replenish the loss of fluid.
If toxicosis does not bother, and dry mouth is systematic, it is better to consult a doctor. Usually, pregnant women experience increased work of the salivary glands, and any deviations may indicate disturbances in the body or latent diseases.
If xerostomia is not diagnosed in time, it can lead to unpleasant diseases that will greatly complicate a person's life. Dryness can turn into:
- the formation in the oral cavity of bacteria, microorganisms that will destroy its natural environment;
- diseases of the teeth and gums;
- irritation and ulceration in the mouth;
- inability to use dentures.
Treatment and prevention
Usually, xerostomia is treated with simple methods: rinsing or stimulating the salivary glands. To prepare useful broths, you can use flax seeds, chamomile flowers or calendula. Herbs are poured with boiling water, infused and taken several times a day until the condition is relieved.
As a preventive measure, the following steps should be taken:
- drink enough clean water throughout the day;
- stimulate the production of saliva with sugar-free chewing gums, natural candies, ice cubes;
- avoid drinking alcohol, smoking tobacco;
- enrich the diet with fruits, vegetables, herbs;
- limit the use of coffee and strong tea.
Now you know what dry mouth is and why dry mouth in the morning arises. Remember what manifestation is can be a sign of dangerous diseases. Get rid of bad habits, lead a healthy lifestyle, be attentive to the slightest changes in the body. Then you will always have good health, excellent health and cheerful mood!